In the United States, we have state-level crimes and
federal-level crimes. State-level crimes are enacted by state legislatures, whereas federal
crimes are enacted by Congress. Some crimes are only criminalized on the
state level, where others are simply criminalized on the federal level.
On the other hand, some crimes
violate both state and federal law. For example,
drug trafficking and identity theft are usually outlawed under state and federal laws.
Learn more about identity theft as a federal crime
If someone happens to commit a crime that is illegal on the state and federal
level, then the state and federal prosecutors will decide whether to prosecute
in state or federal court. As a general rule, the more serious the crime,
the higher the chances of it being prosecuted on the federal level. Here
are some examples of federal offenses:
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the main government agency
that is responsible for investigating federal crimes, whether they’re
committed by citizens or corporations. However, the FBI works closely
with other local, state, and federal agencies, including the Internal
Revenue Service (IRS), and the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) to track
down and prosecute offenders.
Generally, federal crimes incur harsher fines and penalties than state-level
crimes. Despite the fact that a federal prison sentence will typically
be longer than a state sentence, federal prisons are considered to be
much “cushier” than state prisons. How come? Because, federal
prisons tend to house the college graduates, who are “white collar criminals.” In contrast, the state prisons are lower security and
house most of the gang members, rapists and murderers – the
Are you facing federal charges in Orange County, California? If so,
contact our firm at once for a hard-hitting defense. All of our first consultations are free.